|Course code module||3BDIE-70|
|Study load (hours)||84|
|Language of instruction:||Dutch|
|Semester exam information:||exam in the 1st semester|
|Contract restriction information:||exam contract not possible|
The prerequisites of Radio protection and introduction to medical imaging ' is closely connected to the objectives of the 'Physics' course (1st Ba). Physical variables/principles which were not discussed in the course 'Physics' , and which are necessary for a good understanding of imaging techniques and radioprotection are treated within the course.
The student must have a sufficient mathematical basic knowledge (vectors, derivatives, simple goniometrical functions, algebra, equations, solving set of equations (classical methods); basic principles of calculus (differential and integral - secondary school).
2. Objectives (expected learning outcomes)
What are you considered to know/be able at the end of this course?
You have insight in the interaction of radiation with matter;
You have insight in the physical principles of different imaging techniques and their practical use in modern imaging instrumentation; you can describe these in your own words, recognize, formulate;
you have insight in the reconstruction of different image modalities and the physical parameter which is being visualized (eg. absorption, reflection, transmission, scattering, energy, radioactive decay, frequency shift, energy of nucleus in extern magnetic field, temperature,..); you can describe these in your own words, recognize, formulate;
for each of the discussed imaging techniques you can describe the origin of the image intensities; you can explain why specific tissues are represented dark or bright in the images;
You have knowledge of radioactivity, what is ionizing radiation (
(α-, β-, γ-, en X-radiation) and how do they i
nteract with matter;
you have insight in de different methods to measure ionizing radiation, thorough knowledge of the detectors and/or measure methods, the units in which radiation doses are given (dosimeter);
you have knowledge of the biological impact of ionizing radiation (at molecular (DNA), cellular, tissular and organic level) and insight in the distinct deterministical and stochastical effects
you are familiar with the basic principles of radioprotection (justification, optimalisation and dose limitation) en have command of the elementary radioprotection proceedings (distance, time, shielding);
you have basic knowledge of Radioecology (natural and artificial radioactivity, transfer modalities and kind of contamination), including sufficient knowledge of the radiological bio-indicators;
you have insight in the radiological emergence- and
especially focussed on the proceedings in the agro sector and the
(protection of the food chain), yet without excluding the plan with respect to small pet(animals);
you have insight in and are familiar with the rules and law regarding ionizing radiation (National: ARBIS, K.B. of 20 juli 2001, European: Guidelines, International: ICRP-documents).
3. Course content
part1: Marleen Verhoye
The course discusses both the physical principles, image reconstruction and the clinical and preclinical applications of the different biomedical imaging modalities:
interaction of radiation with matter
X-ray imaging and CT-scan: instrumentation, interaction of X-radiation with matter and patients, possibilities of imaging, image
Echography with ultrasound: instrumentation, interaction US wave with matter, possibilities of imaging (A,B,M-mode-real time), Doppler ultrasound
Magnetic Resonance Imaging: instrumentation, origin of the MR signal, image contrast, image reconstruction (limited)
radioactivity: radioactive radiation, variables, units and radioactive decay
part 2: Ivan Huyghe
biological aspecs of ionizing radiation
dosimetry: Why is it needed? How where the proceedings historically created, and how are they adapted?
rules and law regarding ionizing radiation is discussed from a practical point of view
detectors: low doses; gamma-camera/PET
tracers: generator concept (Molybdeen–Technetium) examples of tracers actually used in veterinary;
Radionuclide imaging: planar scintigraphy, SPECT and introduction to PET and fusion techniques (PET-CT and SPECT-CT)
with Jodium 131
The students are invited to follow a demonstration of an MRI-experiment (campus CGB), and human nuclear imaging (UZA). After the US college, a US demonstration will be performed on an animal (Peter Bols, CDE).
These practical demonstrations
(MRI, US,PET) give the students a first introduction to the operation of the different imaging modalities used for biomedical imaging.
4. Teaching method
Direct contact: Lectures
5. Assessment method
Exam: Oral, with written preparationOpen questions
6. Compulsory reading – study material
An electronic version of the presentations can be downloaded from Blackboard. A print out of the presentations (2 hand-out/page) can be bought at the reprography of the University of Antwerp.
7. Recommended reading - study material
Medical Imaging Physics, 4th ed. William R. Hendee, E. Russell Ritenour, ed. Wiley-Liss, 2002 , NY-ISBN 0-471-38226-4
Fundamentals of Medical Imaging, Paul Suetens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Bk&CD-Rom edition (March 2002)
MRI From picture to proton, Donald W. McRobbie, Elizabeth A. Moore, Martin J. Graves, Martin R. Prince,
Publisher: CambridgeUniversity Pres, ISBN 0-521-68384-X paperback
Radiobiology for the Radiologist, 6th ed. Eric J. Hall, Amato J. Giacca
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006, ISBN 0781741513
You can always ask the teacher questions after or during the pause of a contact moment.
Dr. Marleen Verhoye
University of Antwerp, Campus Groenenborger (CGB)
Tel: ++ 32 (0)3 2653389
++ 32 (0)3 2653230
Fax. ++ 32 (0)3 2653233